Andra C. Ghent, Marianna Kudlyak and Stephen Slivinski
Many states give mortgage lenders strong legal means by which to pursue debt collection in the event of a mortgage default. In those states, probability of default is lower and the forms the default takes are often quite different from a costly conventional foreclosure.
Ghent, Andra C., and Marianna Kudlyak. "Recourse and Residential Mortgage Default: Theory and Evidence from U.S. States." Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond Working Paper 09-10, July 2009.