Region Focus



Fall 2005

Minds Matter

Early childhood education meets economic development
By Betty Joyce Nash

Evaluating Outcomes

Children in three early intervention programs in North Carolina, Illinois, and Michigan have been followed into adulthood. This has enabled researchers to evaluate the outcomes of these programs, and the results are generally positive. Studies of the federal Head Start program have found similar outcomes.

Early Intervention Program Description Age of Participants Achievement Tests Other Outcomes
Carolina Abecedarian Project (Chapel Hill, N.C.) Full-time, year-round preschool classes; assistance from home-school teacher for first three years of primary schooling 6 weeks -
8 years
T>C at ages 8, 15, 21 Employment Status: T=C at age 21
School Dropout Rate:
T<C at age 21
Child-Parent Center Program (Chicago, Ill.) Part-time preschool program and after-school activities, other services for school-age children 3 years -
9 years
T>C at grade 2, T=C at grade 8 School Dropout Rate:
T<C at age 20
Delinquency & Crime:
T<C at age 17
High/Scope Perry Preschool Project (Ypsilanti, Mich.) Home visits, intensive preschool programs 3 years -
5 years
T>C at ages 9, 14 Employment:
T>C age 19, T=C age 27
T<C at age 27
NOTE: "T" refers to treatment group and "C" refers to control or comparison group
SOURCE: Janet M. Currie, "Early Childhood Education Programs," Journal of Economic Perspectives, Spring 2001
Contact Us


Aaron Steelman
Publications Director
(804) 697-2658