(A version of this work was published in the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond's Economic Review, 1988 Vol. 74, No. 3. )
The paper presents the results of research conducted as part of the American Enterprise Institute's project on financial services regulation. It is a revision of a paper that later appeared in a volume providing a comprehensive review of financial regulatory policy entitled, Restructuring Banking and Financial Services in America. Research support from the American Enterprise Institute and National Science Foundation is acknowledged. However, the views are solely those of the authors and should not be attributed to either of the preceding institutions.