Fifth District Survey of Manufacturing Activity



April 27, 2010 10 a.m.

Manufacturing Activity Expands at a Solid Pace in April: Expectations Remain Upbeat



Manufacturing activity in the central Atlantic region expanded for the third straight month, according to the Richmond Fed's latest survey. All broad indicators — shipments, new orders and employment — landed in positive territory, with manufacturers noting their first increase in worker numbers since October 2009. Other indicators were also positive. Backlogs increased for the first time since August 2009 and capacity utilization hit an all-time high reading since the inception of the measure. Vendor lead-time grew at a considerably quicker rate — the highest reading since August 2004, indicating slower delivery times, and inventories increased at a somewhat quicker pace.

Looking ahead, manufacturers were more optimistic about their future prospects in April. Firms anticipated more rapid growth across the board, particularly for shipments, new orders, capacity utilization, and capital expenditures.

Survey measures of prices revealed that growth in raw materials increased at a slightly slower pace in April than a month ago, while finished goods prices grew at a somewhat faster pace. Respondents indicated that during the next six months they expected quicker growth in both raw materials and finished goods prices from what they had anticipated last month.

Current Activity

In April the seasonally adjusted composite index of manufacturing activity — our broadest measure of manufacturing — jumped 24 points to 30 from March's reading of 6. Among the index's components, shipments moved up 25 points to 30, new orders leaped 31 points to finish at 41, and the jobs index advanced 13 points to end at 13.

Other indicators also suggest stronger activity. The backlog of orders measure turned positive, picking up 12 points to 5, and the index for capacity utilization increased 24 points to 27. The delivery times index added nine points to end at 17. Our gauges for inventories were slightly higher in April. The finished goods inventory index rose seven points to 13, and the raw materials inventory index edged up two points to finish at 9.

Activity Index
Shipments Index
New Orders Index


Hiring activity at District plants strengthened in April. In addition to the notable gains in the employment index, the average workweek measure leaped 16 points to 16. Moreover, wage growth turned positive, picking up nine points to 6.

Employment Index


In our latest survey, contacts were more bullish about their business prospects during the next six months. The index of expected shipments advanced six points to 46, and the new orders index rose seven points to 44. In addition, the capacity utilization index inched up four points to 38, and the backlogs indicator advanced eight points to 25. Moreover, the vendor delivery times expectations index posted a four-point gain to 17, and the index for planned capital expenditures moved up nine points to 23.

District manufacturers' plans to increase hiring were also more positive in April. The expected manufacturing employment index accelerated 13 points to 17 from a month ago and the average workweek indicator rose six points to 22. Furthermore, the expected wages index posted a 23-point gain to 43.


District manufacturers reported that raw materials prices increased at an average annual rate of 2.11 percent compared with March's reading of 2.39 percent. Finished goods prices rose at a 2.08 percent pace — a touch above March's reading of 2.00.

Looking forward, respondents expected that the prices they pay will advance at a 2.79 percent pace, well above the previous month's expectation of 1.32 percent. Additionally, contacts looked for finished goods prices to increase at a 1.39 percent annual rate, also considerably higher than last month's expectation of 0.20 percent.

Current Price Trends
Contact Us


Jeannette Plamp
Economic Analyst
(804) 697-8152