Supervision Economists

Eliana Balla

Eliana Balla

My current research focuses on banking, capital regulation and risk management. Recent applications include studies on bank failures, systemic risk, and bank reserves for loan losses.

Professional Experience

Eliana Balla is a lead financial economist in the Quantitative Supervision and Research group of the Supervision, Regulation and Credit department. She joined the Richmond Fed after completing her doctorate in economics at Washington University in St. Louis. Balla’s work involves financial institutions quantitative surveillance, stress testing and model validation, and regulatory impact analyses.


Ph.D., Washington University in St. Louis, 2004
M.A., Washington University in St. Louis, 1999
B.A., American University in Bulgaria, 1998

Curriculum vitae

"Loan Loss Provisions, Accounting Constraints, and Bank Ownership Structure" (with Morgan Rose) Journal of Economics and Business (forthcoming)

Tail Dependence and Indicators of Systemic Risk for Large US Depositories” (with Ibrahim Ergen and Marco Migueis) Journal of Financial Stability Volume 15, December 2014, Pages 195–209.

Assessing the Effectiveness of the Paulson ‘Teaser Freezer’ Plan: Evidence from the ABX Index” (with Robert Carpenter and Breck Robinson). Journal of Economics and Business 63, no. 5 (September-October 2011): 392-411.

Dynamic Provisioning: A Countercyclical Tool for Loan Loss Reserves” (with Andrew McKenna). Economic Quarterly (Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond) 95, no. 4 (Fall 2009): 383-418.

Fiscal Crisis and Institutional Change in the Ottoman Empire and France” (with Noel D. Johnson). Journal of Economic History 69, no. 3 (September 2009): 809-845.

Giving and Receiving Foreign Aid: Does Conflict Count?” (with Gina Yannitell Reinhardt). World Development 36, no. 12 (December 2008): 2566-2585.

“Fiscal Choices and Religion in Ottoman Europe.” Homo Oeconomicus 21, no. 1 (2004): 59-82.

"Did the Financial Reforms of the Early 1990s Fail? A Comparison of Bank Failures and FDIC Losses in the 1986-92 and 2007-13 Periods." (with Edward S. Prescott and John R. Walter). Working Paper Series (Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond) 15-05 (May 2015).

“Financial Stability in Private versus Newly-Public Banks” (with Morgan J. Rose and Mark D. Vaughan). November 2007.

“Does Foreign Aid Spur Domestic Investment and Do Recipients’ Institutions Matter?” November 2006.

“The Causes of Financial Distress in Banking: the More Things Change, the More They Stay the Same” (with Andrew P. Meyer, Benjamin Jones and Mark D. Vaughan), December 2005.

March 2012, No. 12-03

Loan Loss Reserve Accounting and Bank Behavior

Eliana Balla, Morgan J. Rose and Jessie Romero

“Dodd-Frank Act Reforms: Trust Preferred Securities No Longer Tier Capital” (with Kevin Cole and Breck Robinson). S&R Perspectives (Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond) Winter Issue 2011.

“Reserving for Loan Losses: What Do the Aggregate Numbers Say?” S&R Perspectives (Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond), Spring Issue 2009.

Decoding Messages from the Yield Curve” (with Robert Carpenter and Mark Vaughan). Region Focus (Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond) 2, no. 2 (Spring 2007): 37-39.

 “Now and Then: A Comparative Look Back at the 1994-1995 Yield Curves” (with Raymond Brastow). Regional Economic Update (Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis) July 2005, 3-5.

Contact Us


Eliana Balla
(410) 951-4677