Milton Friedman began his teaching career at the University of Chicago isolated intellectually. He defended the ideas that competitive markets work efficiently to allocate resources and that central banks are responsible for inflation. By the 1980s, these ideas had become commonplace. Friedman was one of the great intellectuals of the 20th century because of his major influence on how a broad public understood the Depression, the Fed's stop-go monetary policy of the 1970s, flexible exchange rates, and the ability of market forces to advance individual welfare.
Amanda L. Kramer
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