Working Papers

July 1986, No. 86-4

Interest Rate Smoothing and Price Level Trend-Stationarity

Marvin Goodfriend

(For an updated version of this working paper, see WP 87-3)

For industrial countries in the post-war period, the price level and the money stock have displayed little tendency to revert to given growth paths. Indeed, this stylized fact is frequently referred to by monetarist critics of central banks, who point out that periods of temporarily high or low money growth, rather than being subsequently reversed, typically alter the level of money stock and prices permanently.

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