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This series of essays articulates the Richmond Fed's views on issues of particular importance to the Fifth District and the national economy, and their policy implications:

Regional Surveys of Business Activity


April 28, 2016 | Survey

Maryland Survey of Business Activity

Sluggish Overall Activity in April; Hiring Remains Strong But Expectations Soften

Carolinas Surveys

April 28, 2016 | Survey

Carolinas Survey of Business Activity

Carolinas Economic Expansion Accelerated in April; Respondents Expect Further Growth Ahead



April 27, 2016 | Speech

National and Virginia Economic Update

Ann Macheras, vice president of Regional Research and Economic Education at the Richmond Fed, provided an update on economic conditions in the U.S. and Virginia to members of a local chamber of commerce in April 2016.


April 25, 2016

National Economic Indicators

The latest data on the national economy gathered by the Richmond Fed

Non-Employment Index

April 8, 2016

Hornstein-Kudlyak-Lange Non-Employment Index

Updated index provides an alternative to the standard unemployment rate

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