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This series of essays articulates the Richmond Fed's views on issues of particular importance to the Fifth District and the national economy, and their policy implications:

Regional Surveys of Business Activity


July 28, 2016 | Survey

Maryland Survey of Business Activity

Business Activity Modest and Sales Flat in July; Expectations Rebound But Remain Subdued

Carolinas Surveys

July 28, 2016 | Survey

Carolinas Survey of Business Activity

The Region's Economy Expanded Moderately in July; Hiring Trends Remained Positive



July 1, 2016 | Report

Snapshot, July 2016

Reports on the Fifth District economy were somewhat mixed in recent months. Employers added to payrolls; however, business conditions softened further and housing market indicators were somewhat mixed.

Regional Matters

Regional Matters thumbnail logo

July 18, 2016 | Publication

Industry Employment: Losses & Gains, Recession & Recovery

The Fifth District labor market was hit hard during the recession. The recovery was slow. Which industry sectors were hit the hardest and how have they fared since? Which sectors have grown the fastest?

Regional Matters thumbnail logo

June 29, 2016 | Publication

Will Technology Take Your Job?

A look at the educational attainment in the Carolinas may yield clues as to how well the region will adjust to technological disruptions. 


July 25, 2016

National Economic Indicators

The latest data on the national economy gathered by the Richmond Fed

Non-Employment Index

July 15, 2016

Hornstein-Kudlyak-Lange Non-Employment Index

Updated index provides an alternative to the standard unemployment rate

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