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Economic Quarterly

First Quarter 2019

US Bank Capital Regulation: History and Changes Since the Financial Crisis

John R. Walter

Following the financial crisis of 2007-08, capital requirements were revised along a number of important dimensions with the intent of shoring up the banking system and reducing the likelihood of another crisis. Changes included new measures of capital and increased minimum requirements, with special emphasis on requirements for the largest and most systemically important banks. In this article, I survey the history of bank capital requirements and review the new capital rules.

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