Region Focus

Winter 2006

Economic History

The storm killed more than 2,000 people and plunged Beaufort County, S.C., into an economic decline
By Betty Joyce Nash

Top Five Deadliest Hurricanes

Hurricane Name (Category at Landfall) Year Affected States Estimated Deaths
Galveston (4) 1900 TX 8,000-12,000
Lake Okeechobee (4) 1928 FL, GA, SC 2,500-3,000
Katrina (3) 2005 AL, FL, GA, LA, MS 1,200+
Chenier Caminanda (4) 1893 AL, LA, MS 1,100-1,400
Sea Islands (3) 1893 FL, GA, NC, SC 1,000-2,000

NOTE: Hurricanes did not receive formal names until 1953. Before then, the worst storms were typically named after the communities they affected.

SOURCE: "The Deadliest, Costliest, and Most Intense United States Tropical Cyclones From 1851 to 2004," National Hurricane Center, August 2005 (updated with estimates from National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration for Katrina)

Contact Us


Aaron Steelman
Publications Director
(804) 697-2658

Order Publications

Order single copies of or subscribe to Econ Focus (formerly Region Focus) and other publications from the Federal Reserve System.