Region Focus

Winter 2006

Economic History

The storm killed more than 2,000 people and plunged Beaufort County, S.C., into an economic decline
By Betty Joyce Nash

Top Five Deadliest Hurricanes

Hurricane Name (Category at Landfall)YearAffected StatesEstimated Deaths
Galveston (4)1900TX8,000-12,000
Lake Okeechobee (4)1928FL, GA, SC2,500-3,000
Katrina (3)2005AL, FL, GA, LA, MS1,200+
Chenier Caminanda (4)1893AL, LA, MS1,100-1,400
Sea Islands (3)1893FL, GA, NC, SC1,000-2,000

NOTE: Hurricanes did not receive formal names until 1953. Before then, the worst storms were typically named after the communities they affected.

SOURCE: "The Deadliest, Costliest, and Most Intense United States Tropical Cyclones From 1851 to 2004," National Hurricane Center, August 2005 (updated with estimates from National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration for Katrina)

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