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Working Papers

February 2021, No. 21-02

The Cost of Information in the Blockchain: A Discussion of Routledge and Zetlin-Jones (2018)

Bruno Sultanum

The volatility of crypto currencies hinders their ability to be media of exchange or stores of value, leading to the implementation of exchange-rate pegs in an attempt to stabilize these currencies. This strategy has been used by crypto currencies such as US Dollar Tether, Steem Backed Dollar and TrueUSD and was previously adopted in countries such as Brazil, Mexico and Argentina. However, an exchange-rate peg is vulnerable to speculative attacks if it is not 100 percent backed by reserves, as discussed in Obstfeld (1996). Using insights from the bank-run literature, Routledge and Zetlin-Jones (2018) build on Green and Lin (2003) and propose a model of speculative attacks. They show that adjustments to the exchange rate can prevent speculative attacks in equilibrium. They also show how to implement such contracts using blockchain technology. In this discussion paper, I provide a cautionary tale. I show also in a version of Green and Lin (2003) that the information content in the blockchain prevents agents from attaining all the gains from risk sharing — highlighting the downsides of too much public information.


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