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District of Columbia

aerial view of Washington, D.C.

Payroll employment in the District of Columbia increased by 600 jobs (0.1 percent) in December. The unemployment rate increased 0.1 percentage point to 5.1 percent.

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Labor market icon showing three people Labor Market Conditions


  • Payroll employment in the District of Columbia increased by 600 jobs (0.1 percent), on net, in December. Leisure and hospitality saw the largest increase in jobs month-over-month (1,000 jobs). Professional and business services experienced the biggest job decline (500 jobs).
  • On a year-over-year basis, payroll employment in the District of Columbia increased by 10,000 jobs (1.3 percent), on net. Employment in December was 3.0 percent below its pre-pandemic level from February 2020. The most jobs were added over the year in other services (3,400 jobs), while the most were lost in government (600 jobs).
  • The unemployment rate in the District of Columbia rose 0.1 percentage point to 5.0 percent in December and was up 0.9 percentage point on a year-over-year basis. The unemployment rate was 0.6 percentage point below its pre-pandemic value from February 2020.

Housing Market icon showing a picture of a house Housing Market Conditions


  • D.C. issued 9 new residential permits in November, down from the 185 issued in October and down from the 988 permits issued in November 2022.
  • According to the Federal Housing Finance Agency, home values in D.C. depreciated 4.2 percent from the third quarter of 2022 to the third quarter of 2023.
Snapshot Resources
  • Term Definitions

    Payroll Employment
    The number of nonfarm jobs (persons on payrolls) according to where those jobs are located.

    Unemployment Rate
    The number of unemployed persons (those not employed but available and searching for work) as a percent of the civilian labor force (the total number of employed plus unemployed persons).

    Industry Structure
    A breakdown of total nonfarm jobs by industry. Percentages sum to 100 percent.

    Industry Growth
    The percentage change in jobs in each industry from a year ago.

    Building Permits
    The number of privately owned single-family and multi-family units authorized in permit-issuing places.

    House Price Index
    A repeat sales index, measuring average price changes in repeat sales or refinancings on the same single-family properties.

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