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This series of essays articulates the Richmond Fed's views on issues of particular importance to the Fifth District and the national economy, and their policy implications:

Regional Surveys of Business Activity

Carolinas Surveys

Sept. 29, 2016 | Survey

Carolinas Survey of Business Activity

Business Activity Measures Improved in September, But Labor Demand Metrics Declined


Sept. 29, 2016 | Survey

Maryland Survey of Business Activity

Business Activity Improved in September; Labor Market Remained Solid But Expectations Declined


Pie Chart

Oct. 7, 2016

Fifth District Economic Indicators

The latest regional economic data on the Fifth District, updated monthly.

Regional Matters

Regional Matters thumbnail logo

Oct. 19, 2016 | Publication

Commuting Patterns around Virginia’s Biggest Cities

In 2015, nearly 4 million Virginia residents commuted to work; however, the means of transportation and average commute time varied substantially by location.

Regional Matters thumbnail logo

Sept. 30, 2016 | Publication

Income Inequality Across the Fifth District

Income has been growing, but many households have not fully recovered from the recession. Income inequality persists at the national level and varies by state and metro area within the Fifth District.

Non-Employment Index

Oct. 21, 2016

Hornstein-Kudlyak-Lange Non-Employment Index

Updated index provides an alternative to the standard unemployment rate


Oct. 17, 2016

National Economic Indicators

The latest data on the national economy gathered by the Richmond Fed

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(804) 697-8000