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This series of essays articulates the Richmond Fed's views on issues of particular importance to the Fifth District and the national economy, and their policy implications:

Regional Surveys of Business Activity

Carolinas Surveys

Aug. 25, 2016 | Survey

Carolinas Survey of Business Activity

The Region’s Expansion Appeared to Moderate in August; But Hiring Trends Remained Positive


Aug. 25, 2016 | Survey

Maryland Survey of Business Activity

Business Activity Edged Lower in August; Labor Market Remained Solid



Aug. 4, 2016 | Report

Snapshot, August 2016

The Fifth District economy generally expanded in recent months, with an increase in employment and strengthening conditions for area businesses while housing market indicators improved on a year-over-year basis.

Regional Matters

Regional Matters thumbnail logo

Aug. 24, 2016 | Publication

Virginia's Labor Market Recovery Resumes

Virginia gained jobs at a brisk pace during 2015, but the pace slowed during the first five months of 2016 and has only recently picked up again. Employment growth by industry and by metro area varies substantially. 

Container ship

Aug. 5, 2016 | Publication

Foreign Trade: Top Import and Export Partners

The United States' top three trade partners are China, Canada, and Mexico. Many of the Fifth District jurisdictions also trade extensively with these nations. What goods are being exported? And what other countries are top trade partners with Fifth District states? 


Aug. 29, 2016

National Economic Indicators

The latest data on the national economy gathered by the Richmond Fed

Non-Employment Index

Aug. 15, 2016

Hornstein-Kudlyak-Lange Non-Employment Index

Updated index provides an alternative to the standard unemployment rate


Aug. 24, 2016 | Publication

Econ Focus, First Quarter 2016

Cover Story: Will America Get a Raise?
Economists debate why wage growth has been so sluggish during the recovery from the Great Recession

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