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This series of essays articulates the Richmond Fed's views on issues of particular importance to the Fifth District and the national economy, and their policy implications:

Regional Surveys of Business Activity

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July 26, 2016 | Survey

Fifth District Survey of Manufacturing Activity

Manufacturing Sector Activity Improved; New Orders Increased, Mild Employment Growth

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July 26, 2016 | Survey

Fifth District Survey of Service Sector Activity

Service Sector Activity Increased Moderately; Retail Sales Strengthened



July 1, 2016 | Report

Snapshot, July 2016

Reports on the Fifth District economy were somewhat mixed in recent months. Employers added to payrolls; however, business conditions softened further and housing market indicators were somewhat mixed.

Regional Matters

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July 18, 2016 | Publication

Industry Employment: Losses & Gains, Recession & Recovery

The Fifth District labor market was hit hard during the recession. The recovery was slow. Which industry sectors were hit the hardest and how have they fared since? Which sectors have grown the fastest?

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June 29, 2016 | Publication

Will Technology Take Your Job?

A look at the educational attainment in the Carolinas may yield clues as to how well the region will adjust to technological disruptions. 


July 25, 2016

National Economic Indicators

The latest data on the national economy gathered by the Richmond Fed

Non-Employment Index

July 15, 2016

Hornstein-Kudlyak-Lange Non-Employment Index

Updated index provides an alternative to the standard unemployment rate

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Research Department
(804) 697-8000